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Surface modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes via gliding arc plasma for the reinforcement of polypropylene
Luo, Z.1,2; Cai, X.1,2; Hong, R. Y.1,2,3; Li, J. H.4; Wei, D. G.5; Luo, G. H.6; Li, H. Z.3
2013-03-15
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
ISSN0021-8995
Volume127Issue:6Pages:4756-4763
AbstractTo increase the applicability of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), functional groups were generated on the generally inert surface of MWCNTs using gliding arc (GA) plasma. MWCNTs were modified using plasma polymerization with styrene (St) as monomer. The surface compositional and structural changes that occur on MWCNTs were investigated using FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, BET surface area, and elemental analysis. Dispersion of the treated MWCNTs in different solvents was evaluated. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the plasma-treated MWCNTs had a better dispersion than the untreated ones in nonpolar solvents. Subsequently, MWCNTs-reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared by internal batch mixing with the addition of 1.0 wt % MWCNTs. The morphology of MWCNTs/PP nanocomposites was studied through scanning electron microscopy. Observations of SEM images showed that the plasma-treated MWCNTs had a better dispersion than the untreated MWCNTs either on the composite fracture surfaces or inside the PP matrix. Moreover, the mechanical tests showed that the tensile strength and elongation at break were improved with the addition of polystyrene-grafted MWCNTs. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2013
KeywordMultiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Gliding Arc Plasma Nanocomposites
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1002/app.37986
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordMECHANICAL-PROPERTIES ; EPOXY COMPOSITES ; POLYMER COMPOSITES ; NANOCOMPOSITES ; CONDUCTIVITY ; STRENGTH ; FIBERS
WOS Research AreaPolymer Science
WOS SubjectPolymer Science
WOS IDWOS:000312940400067
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/13377
Collection研究所(批量导入)
Affiliation1.Soochow Univ, SIP, Coll Chem Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China
2.Soochow Univ, SIP, Key Lab Organ Synth Jiangsu Prov, Suzhou 215123, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
4.Tangshan Zhongrun Coal Chem Co Ltd, Seaport Econ Dev Zone, Tangshan 063611, Peoples R China
5.Harvard Univ, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Ctr Nanoscale Syst, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
6.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Z.,Cai, X.,Hong, R. Y.,et al. Surface modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes via gliding arc plasma for the reinforcement of polypropylene[J]. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,2013,127(6):4756-4763.
APA Luo, Z..,Cai, X..,Hong, R. Y..,Li, J. H..,Wei, D. G..,...&Li, H. Z..(2013).Surface modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes via gliding arc plasma for the reinforcement of polypropylene.JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE,127(6),4756-4763.
MLA Luo, Z.,et al."Surface modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes via gliding arc plasma for the reinforcement of polypropylene".JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE 127.6(2013):4756-4763.
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