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Diffusion-reaction compromise the polymorphs of precipitated calcium carbonate
Wang, Han1,2; Huang, Wenlai1; Han, Yongsheng1
Source PublicationPARTICUOLOGY
AbstractDiffusion is seldom considered by chemists and materialists in the preparation of materials while it plays an important role in the field of chemical engineering. If we look at crystallization at the atomic level, crystal growth in a solution starts from the diffusion of ions to the growing surface followed by the incorporation of ions into its lattice. Diffusion can be a rate determining step for the growth of crystals. In this paper, we take the crystallization of calcium carbonate as an example to illustrate the microscopic processes of diffusion and reaction and their compromising influence on the morphology of the crystals produced. The diffusion effect is studied in a specially designed three-cell reactor. Experiments show that a decrease of diffusion leads to retardation of supersaturation and the formation of a continuous concentration gradient in the reaction cell, thus promoting the formation of cubic calcite particles. The reaction rate is regulated by temperature. Increase of reaction rate favors the formation of needle-like aragonite particles. When diffusion and reaction play joint roles in the reaction system, their compromise dominates the formation of products, leading to a mixture of cubic and needle-like particles with a controllable ratio. Since diffusion and reaction are universal factors in the preparation of materials, the finding of this paper could be helpful in the controlled synthesis of other materials. (C) 2013 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordCalcium Carbonate Shape Control Crystallization Diffusion Compromise
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000319636000008
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Cited Times:26[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, EMMS Grp, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100490, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Han,Huang, Wenlai,Han, Yongsheng. Diffusion-reaction compromise the polymorphs of precipitated calcium carbonate[J]. PARTICUOLOGY,2013,11(3):301-308.
APA Wang, Han,Huang, Wenlai,&Han, Yongsheng.(2013).Diffusion-reaction compromise the polymorphs of precipitated calcium carbonate.PARTICUOLOGY,11(3),301-308.
MLA Wang, Han,et al."Diffusion-reaction compromise the polymorphs of precipitated calcium carbonate".PARTICUOLOGY 11.3(2013):301-308.
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