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Direct reduction of hematite powders in a fluidized bed reactor
Zhu, Qingshan1; Wu, Rongfang1,2; Li, Hongzhong1
Source PublicationPARTICUOLOGY
AbstractUltrafine hematite powder was reduced to produce ultrafine iron powder in a 50%Ar-50%H-2 atmosphere at 450-550 degrees C in a fluidized bed reactor. The ultrafine hematite powder shows the typical agglomerating fluidization behavior with large agglomerates fluidized at the bottom of the bed and small agglomerates fluidized at the upper part of the bed. It was found that defluidization occurred even at the low temperature of 450 degrees C with low metallization rate. Defluidization was attributed mainly to the sintering of the newly formed iron particles. Granuation was employed to improve the fluidization quality and to tackle the defluidization problem, where granules fluidized like a Geldart's group A powder. Granulation was found to effectively reduce defluidization during reduction, without however sacrificing reduction speed. The as-reduced iron powders from both the ultrafine and the granulated hematite exhibited excellent sintering activity, that is, fast sintering at temperature of as low as similar to 580 degrees C, which is much superior as compared to that of nano/ultrafine iron powders made by other processes. (C) 2012 Chinese Society of Particuology and Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordDirect Reduction Granulation Defluidization Sintering Ultrafine Iron Powder
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000319636000007
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Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Qingshan,Wu, Rongfang,Li, Hongzhong. Direct reduction of hematite powders in a fluidized bed reactor[J]. PARTICUOLOGY,2013,11(3):294-300.
APA Zhu, Qingshan,Wu, Rongfang,&Li, Hongzhong.(2013).Direct reduction of hematite powders in a fluidized bed reactor.PARTICUOLOGY,11(3),294-300.
MLA Zhu, Qingshan,et al."Direct reduction of hematite powders in a fluidized bed reactor".PARTICUOLOGY 11.3(2013):294-300.
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