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Heterocyclic Energetic Salts of 4,4 ',5,5 '-Tetranitro-2,2 '-Biimidazole
Liu, Long1; Zhang, Yanqiang1; Zhang, Suojiang1; Fei, Teng2
2015-07-03
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS
ISSN0737-0652
Volume33Issue:3Pages:202-214
AbstractA series of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic 4,4 ',5,5 '-tetranitro-2,2 '-biimidazolate salts was synthesized with the cations as pyridinium (3), pyrazolium (4), 3-amino-pyrazolium (5), imidazolium (6), N-methylimidazolium (7), 1,2,4-triazolium (8), 3-amino-1,2,4-triazolium (9), 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazolium (10), 1,2,3-triazolium (11), 1,5-diamino-tetrazolium (12), and 2,2 '-biimidazolium (13). These salts were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. Their properties were measured or calculated. Salts 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Salt 13 with a bicyclic cation has the highest heat of formation of 3.06kJ/g. With the highest detonation performance (29.9GPa, 8,638m/s) and low sensitivity (30J,>360N), salt 12 is a promising candidate as an insensitive explosive.
KeywordDetonation Performance Energetic Salts High-nitrogen 4 4 ' 5 5 '-tetranitro-2 2 '-biimidazolate
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1080/07370652.2014.970246
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordIONIC LIQUIDS ; TNBI
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Engineering ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectChemistry, Applied ; Chemistry, Physical ; Engineering, Chemical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000351834100005
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/16730
Collection湿法冶金清洁生产技术国家工程实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing Key Lab Ion Liquids Clean Proc, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Xian Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Xian, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Long,Zhang, Yanqiang,Zhang, Suojiang,et al. Heterocyclic Energetic Salts of 4,4 ',5,5 '-Tetranitro-2,2 '-Biimidazole[J]. JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS,2015,33(3):202-214.
APA Liu, Long,Zhang, Yanqiang,Zhang, Suojiang,&Fei, Teng.(2015).Heterocyclic Energetic Salts of 4,4 ',5,5 '-Tetranitro-2,2 '-Biimidazole.JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS,33(3),202-214.
MLA Liu, Long,et al."Heterocyclic Energetic Salts of 4,4 ',5,5 '-Tetranitro-2,2 '-Biimidazole".JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS 33.3(2015):202-214.
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