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Effects of Organic Additives Containing Carbonyl Group on Electrodeposition of Al from AlCl3-[Emim]Cl Ionic Liquid
Leng Minghao1,2; Chen Shimou2; Zhang Junling2; Lang Haiyan2; Kang Yanhong2; Zhang Suojiang2

Electrodeposition of Al in ionic liquids for preparation of aluminum products had opened up a new research direction, but the previous studies found that aluminum product from pure ionic liquid electrodeposition was unable to meet the requirements in both uniformity and smoothness. Electrodepostion in pure ionic liquid often results in the deposits with rough surface or even dendritic products after long-time deposition. In this study, five kinds of small organic molecules containing carbonyl as additives were investigated, such as acetone, acetic acid amide, acetic acid, methyl acetate and methyl carbamate. Additives were added to [Emim]Cl/AlCl3(33.3/66.7 mol%) with a concentration of 5 mmol/L, 15 mmol/L, 45 mmol/L. Cyclic voltammetry was studied on a glassy carbon electrode at a scan rate of 100 mV.s(-1) and temperature of 323 K. The electrode potential was scanned from the open circuit potential to negative-potential, then retraced to get cyclic voltammetry curve. Among those organic additives, methyl carbamate was proved to be an excellent additive. The brightness of Al can be improved by adding 45 mmol/L methyl carbamate. Smooth, uniform and mirror bright Al deposition would be obtained afterward. Furthermore, the effects of additive for Al deposit on morphology, crystal orientation and Al deposition mechanism by the analysis of galvanostatic deposition, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was conjectured. The results showed that methyl carbamate as an additive would make grain refinement more apparent and present more strong Al(200) crystal plane orientation. As an additive, methyl carbamate did not form new metal complex in the electrolytic liquid and did not affect the structure of active aluminum ion in the electrolyte. The positive center of carbonyl carbon atom in methyl carbamate molecular can be easily adsorbed at the cathode surface. This procedure inhibited the process of Al deposition and obtained the smooth and bright effect. Therefore, Al deposition layer of mirror can be obtained, which has an important guiding significance in the selection of ionic liquid additive in electrodeposition system.

KeywordIonic Liquids Electrodeposition Carbonyl Methyl Carbamate Additives
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaChemistry
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000357389800004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Shenyang Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Life Sci, Shenyang 110034, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Leng Minghao,Chen Shimou,Zhang Junling,et al. Effects of Organic Additives Containing Carbonyl Group on Electrodeposition of Al from AlCl3-[Emim]Cl Ionic Liquid[J]. ACTA CHIMICA SINICA,2015,73(5):403-408.
APA Leng Minghao,Chen Shimou,Zhang Junling,Lang Haiyan,Kang Yanhong,&Zhang Suojiang.(2015).Effects of Organic Additives Containing Carbonyl Group on Electrodeposition of Al from AlCl3-[Emim]Cl Ionic Liquid.ACTA CHIMICA SINICA,73(5),403-408.
MLA Leng Minghao,et al."Effects of Organic Additives Containing Carbonyl Group on Electrodeposition of Al from AlCl3-[Emim]Cl Ionic Liquid".ACTA CHIMICA SINICA 73.5(2015):403-408.
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