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Nitrogen-rich energetic 4-R-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate salts (R = -CH3, -NH2, -N-3, -NO2 and -NHNO2) as high performance energetic materials
Liu, Long; Zhang, Yanqiang; Li, Zhimin; Zhang, Suojiang
2015
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A
ISSN2050-7488
Volume3Issue:28Pages:14768-14778
Abstract

A series of 4-R-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate salts (R = -CH3, -NH2, -NO2, -N-3, and -NHNO2) were synthesized with cations of ammonium, hydroxylammonium, hydrazinium, guanidinium, aminoguanidinium, diaminoguanidinium, and triaminoguanidinium. The resulting energetic salts were characterized by H-1 and C-13 NMR, IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and in some cases by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Their key properties were measured or calculated such as melting and decomposition temperatures, density, detonation pressure and velocity, and impact and friction sensitivities. The results show that guanidinium salts possess the highest thermal stability in each group with decomposition temperatures of 265, 251, 221, 142, and 216 degrees C, respectively. Hydroxylammonium 4,5-dinitro-1,2,3-triazolate and dihydroxylammonium 4-nitramino-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate exhibit much higher detonation performances (38.0 GPa and 9302 m s(-1); 38.8 GPa and 9464 m s(-1)) than cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (34.9 GPa and 8748 m s(-1)). Moreover, the high specific impulses (256.1 and 251.1 s) from the formula calculations based on the two salts further support their application prospects.

SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1039/c5ta01901j
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordDERIVATIVES ; ANION ; DESIGN
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical ; Energy & Fuels ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000358128100033
Citation statistics
Cited Times:20[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/19410
Collection湿法冶金清洁生产技术国家工程实验室
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing Key Lab Ion Liquids Clean Proc, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Long,Zhang, Yanqiang,Li, Zhimin,et al. Nitrogen-rich energetic 4-R-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate salts (R = -CH3, -NH2, -N-3, -NO2 and -NHNO2) as high performance energetic materials[J]. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A,2015,3(28):14768-14778.
APA Liu, Long,Zhang, Yanqiang,Li, Zhimin,&Zhang, Suojiang.(2015).Nitrogen-rich energetic 4-R-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate salts (R = -CH3, -NH2, -N-3, -NO2 and -NHNO2) as high performance energetic materials.JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A,3(28),14768-14778.
MLA Liu, Long,et al."Nitrogen-rich energetic 4-R-5-nitro-1,2,3-triazolate salts (R = -CH3, -NH2, -N-3, -NO2 and -NHNO2) as high performance energetic materials".JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A 3.28(2015):14768-14778.
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