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Secondary reactions in oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in a moving bed with internals
Lai, Dengguo1,2; Shi, Yong3; Geng, Sulong1,2; Chen, Zhaohui1,2; Gao, Shiqiu1; Zhan, Jin-Hui1; Xu, Guangwen1; Zhan, JH
Source PublicationFUEL
AbstractThe secondary reactions occurring during the formation of shale oil are investigated with Huadian oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in a newly devised moving bed with internals (MBI). The effect of secondary reactions, which are mainly vapor-phase cracking, on shale oil property and yield at different temperatures is characterized on the basis of ultimate, C-13 NMR and GC-MS analyses of the produced oil. The increases in the production rate of hydrocarbon gas species and related molar ratios clarify that the oil vapor cracking, rather than coking, is the main secondary reactions at pyrolysis temperature over 495 degrees C. Ultimate analysis of shale oil shows that cracking increases the carbon and nitrogen contents of oil but decreases its hydrogen and oxygen contents. There are obvious decreases in the atomic H/C and O/C ratios of shale oil with increasing the pyrolysis temperature. NMR analysis shows that the aromaticity of shale oil increases considerably due to secondary reactions. Selective concentration of existing aromatics and aromatization of aliphatics are of roughly equal importance. The GC-MS results indicate that the aliphatic hydrocarbons (alkanes and alkenes) are the main detected components in shale oil and represent 75% of the detected peak areas. Via oil vapor cracking, a part of long-chain aliphatics is transformed into short-chain alkanes, alkenes and gas species to increase the low-carbon hydrocarbons. The increase in aromatic proportion with raising temperature is due to the selective concentration by cracking aliphatics and aromatization reactions such as dehydrogenation and their subsequent reactions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordPyrolysis Solid Heat Carrier Oil Shale Secondary Reactions Cracking Coking
Subject AreaEnergy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEnergy & Fuels ; Engineering
WOS SubjectEnergy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China(2014CB744303) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(21306210)
WOS IDWOS:000370189500015
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Cited Times:21[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhan, JH
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Anhui Univ Technol, Hefei 243032, Anhui, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lai, Dengguo,Shi, Yong,Geng, Sulong,et al. Secondary reactions in oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in a moving bed with internals[J]. FUEL,2016,173(JUNE):138-145.
APA Lai, Dengguo.,Shi, Yong.,Geng, Sulong.,Chen, Zhaohui.,Gao, Shiqiu.,...&Zhan, JH.(2016).Secondary reactions in oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in a moving bed with internals.FUEL,173(JUNE),138-145.
MLA Lai, Dengguo,et al."Secondary reactions in oil shale pyrolysis by solid heat carrier in a moving bed with internals".FUEL 173.JUNE(2016):138-145.
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