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Acid activation for pre-desilicated high-alumina fly ash
Zhang, Jian-Bo1,2; Li, Shao-Peng1; Li, Hui-Quan1; He, Ming-Ming1
AbstractHigh-alumina fly ash (HAFA) is a special solid waste because it consists of more than 40 wt.% alumina and 40 wt% silica, which can be applied in the alumina extraction and preparation of Al-Si composite if the Al/Si weight ratio can be elevated to a high level (>2.55). However, traditional desilication cannot satisfy this demand because of its low desilication ratio and the presence of abundant impurities. Therefore, this study systematically analyzed acid activation of desilicated HAFA (DHAFA) to extensively remove amorphous silica and impurities. The efficient desilicated ratio (EDR) is first applied to characterize DHAFA. Moreover, the effects of different factors on the mineralogical structure, pore structure, specific surface area and extraction of Al and Fe were investigated. The results of energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction indicate that zeolites on the external and internal portion of DHAFA can be decomposed. Results also indicated that increased acid concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time elevated the EDR values from 11.1% to 29.51% and evidently increased the Al3+/Fe3+ leaching ratios. The removal of zeolites and reactive Al3+/Fe3+ result in an increase of specific surface area from 23.86 m(2)/g to 70 m(2)/g and formation of more mesopores (3-4 nm). X-ray fluorescence results revealed that the Al/Si weight ratio can be elevated from 1.2 to approximately 2.85. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordHigh-alumina Fly Ash Acid Activation Deep Desilication Edr Al/si Weight Ratio
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering
WOS SubjectChemistry, Applied ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical
Funding OrganizationNational Nature Science Foundation of China(51304184) ; Science and Technology Planning Project of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region(201501059)
WOS IDWOS:000379563800008
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Cited Times:17[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Natl Engn Lab Hydrometallurg Cleaner Prod Technol, Key Lab Green Proc & Engn, Beijing 100090, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Jian-Bo,Li, Shao-Peng,Li, Hui-Quan,et al. Acid activation for pre-desilicated high-alumina fly ash[J]. FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY,2016,151(OCT):64-71.
APA Zhang, Jian-Bo,Li, Shao-Peng,Li, Hui-Quan,&He, Ming-Ming.(2016).Acid activation for pre-desilicated high-alumina fly ash.FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY,151(OCT),64-71.
MLA Zhang, Jian-Bo,et al."Acid activation for pre-desilicated high-alumina fly ash".FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY 151.OCT(2016):64-71.
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