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Understanding Shale Oil Hydrotreatment with Composition Analysis Using Positive-Ion Mode Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry
Zhang, Kui1,2; Yu, Jian1; Gao, Shiqiu1; Li, Changming1; Xu, Guangwen1,3
2017-02-01
Source PublicationENERGY & FUELS
ISSN0887-0624
Volume31Issue:2Pages:1362-1369
Abstract

Positive-ion mode of atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) coupled with a 9.4 T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer has been applied to the characterization of shale oil from pyrolysis and its hydrotreatment. The hydrotreated shale oil was obtained through reactions over catalysts Ni-Mo, Ni-W, or Co-Mo. It was found that N-1 and N1O1 species are the dominant N compounds and Si species is the dominant S compound in shale oil from pyrolyzing Huadian oil shale. The primary aromatic hydrocarbons (AHCs) are mono- and double-ring aromatics. After hydrotreatment, both S and N compounds are effectively removed and the catalyst Ni-Mo shows the best performance in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN). The AHC species, especially the mono-ring aromatics, increases as a result of the transformation of N-1, N1O1, and S-1 species into AHC species through hydrotreatment. Indole, carbazole, acridine, and their derivatives are preserved as N-1 species. The reactions of HDN for shale oil were further analyzed by considering the transformation between N1O1 and N-1 species.

SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
DOI10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b02807
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordElectrospray-ionization Esi ; S-alkylsulfonium Salts ; Ft-icr Ms ; Nitrogen-compounds ; Crude-oil ; Subsequent Precipitation ; Desulfurization Process ; Containing Aromatics ; Heavy Petroleum ; Light Oil
WOS Research AreaEnergy & Fuels ; Engineering
WOS SubjectEnergy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China(2014CB744305) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(U1302273)
WOS IDWOS:000394560900032
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/22075
Collection多相复杂系统国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chem Ind Co Ltd, Southwest Res & Design Inst, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Kui,Yu, Jian,Gao, Shiqiu,et al. Understanding Shale Oil Hydrotreatment with Composition Analysis Using Positive-Ion Mode Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry[J]. ENERGY & FUELS,2017,31(2):1362-1369.
APA Zhang, Kui,Yu, Jian,Gao, Shiqiu,Li, Changming,&Xu, Guangwen.(2017).Understanding Shale Oil Hydrotreatment with Composition Analysis Using Positive-Ion Mode Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry.ENERGY & FUELS,31(2),1362-1369.
MLA Zhang, Kui,et al."Understanding Shale Oil Hydrotreatment with Composition Analysis Using Positive-Ion Mode Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry".ENERGY & FUELS 31.2(2017):1362-1369.
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