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Spent lead-acid battery recycling in China - A review and sustainable analyses on mass flow of lead
Sun, Zhi1; Cao, Hongbin1; Zhang, Xihua1,2; Lin, Xiao1; Zheng, Wenwen1; Cao, Guoqing3; Sun, Yong4; Zhang, Yi1
Source PublicationWASTE MANAGEMENT

Lead is classified to be one of the top heavy metal pollutants in China. The corresponding environmental issues especially during the management of spent lead-acid battery have already caused significant public awareness and concern. This research gives a brief overview on the recycling situation based on an investigation of the lead industry in China and also the development of technologies for spent lead acid batteries. The main principles and research focuses of different technologies including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and greener technologies are summarized and compared. Subsequently, the circulability of lead based on the entire life cycle analyses of lead-acid battery is calculated. By considering different recycling schemes, the recycling situation of spent lead-acid battery in China can be understood semi-quantitatively. According to this research, 30% of the primary lead production can be shut down that the lead production can still ensure consecutive life cycle operation of lead-acid battery, if proper management of the spent lead-acid battery is implemented according to current lead industry situation in China. This research provides a methodology on the view of lead circulability in the whole life cycle of a specific product and is aiming to contribute more quantitative guidelines for efficient organization of lead industry in China. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KeywordSpent Lead-acid Battery Management Recycling Circulability Review
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordExtended Producer Responsibility ; Life-cycle Assessment ; Secondary Lead ; Electronic Waste ; Recovery ; Oxide ; Paste ; Pbo ; Perspectives ; Industry
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
Funding OrganizationCAS Pioneer Hundred Talents Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(51425405 ; Shanghai Cooperative Centre for WEEE Recycling(ZF1224) ; National Science - technology Support Plan Projects(2015BAB02B05) ; L1624051)
WOS IDWOS:000403862100021
Citation statistics
Cited Times:75[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Engn Lab Hydrometallurg Cleaner Prod Technol, Inst Proc Engn, 1 Beierjie, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Minist Environm Protect China, Solid Waste & Chem Management Ctr, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.China Battery Ind Assoc, Beijing 100740, Peoples R China
4.Edith Cowan Univ, Sch Engn, 270 Joondalup Dr, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Zhi,Cao, Hongbin,Zhang, Xihua,et al. Spent lead-acid battery recycling in China - A review and sustainable analyses on mass flow of lead[J]. WASTE MANAGEMENT,2017,64:190-201.
APA Sun, Zhi.,Cao, Hongbin.,Zhang, Xihua.,Lin, Xiao.,Zheng, Wenwen.,...&Zhang, Yi.(2017).Spent lead-acid battery recycling in China - A review and sustainable analyses on mass flow of lead.WASTE MANAGEMENT,64,190-201.
MLA Sun, Zhi,et al."Spent lead-acid battery recycling in China - A review and sustainable analyses on mass flow of lead".WASTE MANAGEMENT 64(2017):190-201.
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