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Sodium nitrate - Diatomite composite materials for thermal energy storage
Xu, Guizhi1; Leng, Guanghui2,3; Yang, Cenyu1; Qin, Yue4; Wu, Yuting5; Chen, Haisheng6; Cong, Lin2; Ding, Yulong2
Source PublicationSOLAR ENERGY

The work reported in paper concerns the use of diatomite to form-stabilise sodium nitrate, a phase change material (PCM) for medium temperature thermal energy storage applications. The composite was found to be able to retain up to 70% of the nitrate salt. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses suggested an excellent chemical compatibility between diatomite and the salt. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses demonstrated an even distribution of the salt within the diatomite structure. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements showed that melting temperature of the material was approximately 307.8 degrees C with a latent heat of 115.79 kJ/kg. Mechanical characterization of the composite material showed a compressive strength of the composite materials as high as 22.17 MPa. The composite materials were found to have a fairly low thermal conductivity of similar to 0.5 W/m K and an addition of graphite could give a substantial thermal conductivity enhancement (similar to 6-fold with an additional of 10 wt% graphite). (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KeywordThermal Energy Storage Diatomite Phase Change Materials
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordPhase-change Material ; Heat-capacities ; Impregnation ; Plant ; Sio2
WOS Research AreaEnergy & Fuels
WOS SubjectEnergy & Fuels
Funding OrganizationSGRI of China State Grid(SGRI-DL-71-14-011) ; UK EPSRC(EP/L014211/1 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(21406243 ; EP/K002252/1 ; 51361135702) ; EP/L019469/1)
WOS IDWOS:000400533000050
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.China State Grid, Global Energy Interconnect Res Inst, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Birmingham, Birmingham Ctr Energy Storage, Birmingham, W Midlands, England
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Civil Aviat Univ China, Tianjin, Peoples R China
5.Beijing Univ Technol, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Engn Thermophys, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Guizhi,Leng, Guanghui,Yang, Cenyu,et al. Sodium nitrate - Diatomite composite materials for thermal energy storage[J]. SOLAR ENERGY,2017,146:494-502.
APA Xu, Guizhi.,Leng, Guanghui.,Yang, Cenyu.,Qin, Yue.,Wu, Yuting.,...&Ding, Yulong.(2017).Sodium nitrate - Diatomite composite materials for thermal energy storage.SOLAR ENERGY,146,494-502.
MLA Xu, Guizhi,et al."Sodium nitrate - Diatomite composite materials for thermal energy storage".SOLAR ENERGY 146(2017):494-502.
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