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A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical Processes for Titanium Metal Production
Zhang, Ying1,2; Fang, Zhigang Zak1; Sun, Pei1; Zheng, Shili2; Xia, Yang1; Free, Michael1
2017-10-01
Source PublicationJOM
ISSN1047-4838
Volume69Issue:10Pages:1861-1868
Abstract

Titanium metal is produced commercially by the costly and energy-intensive Kroll process, which is highly matured and optimized. In the last several decades, many new methods have been proposed to reduce the production cost of Ti metal and thus widen its applications. These new methods can be categorized into two main groups: thermochemical and electrochemical methods. Even though detailed operations for different processes vary, the various processes in each category share the same principles. This article outlines the differences and the challenges between different processes on the basis of these shared principles, with an emphasis on the developmental processes. Although several of these new processes are at the laboratory or pilot-plant development stage, it is recognized that systematic fundamental research and open scientific exchanges are still sorely needed in this area to improve the new technologies.

SubtypeReview
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology ; Physical Sciences
DOI10.1007/s11837-017-2481-9
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordMOLTEN CALCIUM-CHLORIDE ; IN-SITU ELECTROLYSIS ; LOW-COST TITANIUM ; CALCIOTHERMIC REDUCTION ; POWDER-PRODUCTION ; SOLID-SOLUTION ; TIO2 ; CACL2 ; OXIDE ; PATHWAY
WOS Research AreaMaterials Science ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering ; Mineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
WOS SubjectMaterials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering ; Mineralogy ; Mining & Mineral Processing
Funding OrganizationEnergy (ARPA-E) of the US DOE(DE-AR0000420)
WOS IDWOS:000410296900021
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/23223
Collection研究所(批量导入)
Affiliation1.Univ Utah, Dept Met Engn, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Ying,Fang, Zhigang Zak,Sun, Pei,et al. A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical Processes for Titanium Metal Production[J]. JOM,2017,69(10):1861-1868.
APA Zhang, Ying,Fang, Zhigang Zak,Sun, Pei,Zheng, Shili,Xia, Yang,&Free, Michael.(2017).A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical Processes for Titanium Metal Production.JOM,69(10),1861-1868.
MLA Zhang, Ying,et al."A Perspective on Thermochemical and Electrochemical Processes for Titanium Metal Production".JOM 69.10(2017):1861-1868.
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