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Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels using different organic acids as polymerization catalysts
Xu, Yuelong1,2; Yan, Meifang1,2,3; Wang, Shasha1,2; Zhang, Lihui1,2; Liu, Haihua1,2,4; Liu, Zhenfa1,2
2017-10-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF POROUS MATERIALS
ISSN1380-2224
Volume24Issue:5Pages:1375-1381
Abstract

Carbon aerogels were synthesized through a sol-gel process by polycondensation of phloroglucinol, resorcinol and formaldehyde, using salicylic acid, m-hydroxybenzoic acid, gallic acid, oxalic acid and succinic acid as the acid catalyst, respectively. The effects of reactants solution pH values on the gel time were studied, and the structure of carbon aerogels was characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The specific surface area, pore size distribution and pore volume were measured by surface area analyzer. Electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels were measured by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements. The results show that the gel time was the shortest and the specific surface area of carbon aerogel was the highest, up to 753 m(2) g(-1), and the specific capacitance was 97 F g(-1) at pH 1.58 in the presence of oxalic acid.

KeywordCarbon Aerogels Electrochemical Properties Ph Values Specific Surface Area Organic Acid Catalyst
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1007/s10934-017-0379-0
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordElectrode Material ; Resorcinol ; Formaldehyde ; Supercapacitor ; Xerogel ; Gels ; Reduction ; Porosity
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectChemistry, Applied ; Chemistry, Physical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of Hebei Province(15291407D ; 16214402D)
WOS IDWOS:000410202900027
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/23224
Collection研究所(批量导入)
Affiliation1.Hebei Acad Sci, Inst Energy Resources, Shijiazhuang 050081, Hebei, Peoples R China
2.Hebei Engn Res Ctr Water Saving Ind, Shijiazhuang 050081, Hebei, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
4.Hebei Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Mat Sci, Shijiazhuang 050024, Hebei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Yuelong,Yan, Meifang,Wang, Shasha,et al. Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels using different organic acids as polymerization catalysts[J]. JOURNAL OF POROUS MATERIALS,2017,24(5):1375-1381.
APA Xu, Yuelong,Yan, Meifang,Wang, Shasha,Zhang, Lihui,Liu, Haihua,&Liu, Zhenfa.(2017).Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels using different organic acids as polymerization catalysts.JOURNAL OF POROUS MATERIALS,24(5),1375-1381.
MLA Xu, Yuelong,et al."Synthesis, characterization and electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels using different organic acids as polymerization catalysts".JOURNAL OF POROUS MATERIALS 24.5(2017):1375-1381.
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