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Removal of silicon from highly acidic HCl medium to produce purified TiO2
Lefler, Hyrum1; Zhang, Ying1,2; Fang, Z. Zak1; Free, Michael1; Huang, Zhe1

A low content of Si is an important characteristic of most Ti metal alloys, and low Si content in Ti sponge from the Kroll process is consistently achievable by the chlorination and distillation step. However, alternative routes are being explored to reduce Ti-metal production costs. One promising approach is a direct TiO2 reduction route called the HAMR (Hydrogen-Assisted Magnesio-thermic Reduction) process, which requires a low-cost, high purity TiO2 preferably with a coarse particle size distribution (PSD). Although a satisfactory TiO2 can be produced by the chloride process, an alternative route called the ARH (Alkaline-Roasting and Hydrolysis) process has been developed, which produces an excellent feedstock for the HAMR process via hydrolysis in HCl medium. But, the purity of hydrolyzed TiO2 powder produced by the ARH process is affected by the purity of the Ti-bearing acid solution before the hydrolysis step, and Si has been determined to be the most detrimental impurity in the solution, since it will co-precipitate with titanium. Thus, the objective of this work is to clarify the behavior of Si in HCl solution, and to identify a viable approach for the desilication of Ti-bearing acid solution. The effects of acid concentration, temperature, and select ionic species on Si behavior in the acid medium were investigated, and a seeded silica-gel adsorption strategy was tested. The desilication treatment developed in this work has been shown to be capable of achieving Si solution concentrations of < 20 mg/L in acidic solution, corresponding to a Si concentration in the intermediate TiO2 of < 0.024% wt/wt, which is sufficient to meet ASTM standards for Si in the Ti-powder after direct reduction.

KeywordHcl Acid Solution Silicon Solubility Desilication Silica Gel Tio2 Production
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Funding OrganizationU.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E)(DE-AR0000420)
WOS IDWOS:000413056600026
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Univ Utah, Dept Met Engn, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lefler, Hyrum,Zhang, Ying,Fang, Z. Zak,et al. Removal of silicon from highly acidic HCl medium to produce purified TiO2[J]. HYDROMETALLURGY,2017,173(NOV):218-223.
APA Lefler, Hyrum,Zhang, Ying,Fang, Z. Zak,Free, Michael,&Huang, Zhe.(2017).Removal of silicon from highly acidic HCl medium to produce purified TiO2.HYDROMETALLURGY,173(NOV),218-223.
MLA Lefler, Hyrum,et al."Removal of silicon from highly acidic HCl medium to produce purified TiO2".HYDROMETALLURGY 173.NOV(2017):218-223.
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