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Bioremediation of textile wastewater and successive biodiesel production using microalgae
Fazal, Tahir2; Mushtaq, Azeem2; Rehman, Fahad2; Khan, Asad Ullah1,2; Rashid, Naim2; Farooq, Wasif3; Rehman, Muhammad Saif Ur1,2,4,5; Xu, Jian5

Microalgal biodiesel has emerged as an environment friendly alternative to the existing fossil fuels. The commercial production of this biodiesel is still challenging due to several technical and economic issues, which span from mass cultivation of microalgae to the biodiesel production. Mass cultivation is the most critical step in terms of water and nutrient requirement. Industrial wastewater such as textile wastewater (TWW) is a cheap source for water, which additionally contains necessary nutrients (phosphate, nitrates, micronutrients etc.) and organic dyes (potential carbon source) for algae cultivation. The application of microalgae for biodiesel production employing single objective strategy is not sustainable. Microalgae can be effectively employed to bioremediate TWW (dyes and nutrients removal) and to produce biodiesel from grown microalgae. This process integration (bioremediation-biodiesel production) can potentially improve biodiesel production and wastewater treatment. However, this process coupling needs to be thoroughly investigated to identify and optimize critical process factors (algal species, cultivation and harvesting methods, bioremediation mechanism etc.). This study has reviewed the status of TWW as potential source of water and nutrients, role of different algal species in the bioremediation of TWW, different cultivation systems, harvesting and biodiesel production methods. This review also suggests future research and development challenges for coupled textile wastewater treatment and microalgal biodiesel production.

KeywordMicroalgae Textile Wastewater Bioremediation Biodiesel Sustainability
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordGreenhouse-gas Emissions ; Lipid Extraction Methods ; Escherichia-coli Strain ; Congo Red-dye ; Chlorella-vulgaris ; Azo-dye ; Biofuel Production ; Biomass Production ; Aqueous-solution ; Flue-gases
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Energy & Fuels
Funding OrganizationHigher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan under NRPU(4547) ; President's International Fellowship Initiative (PIFI), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China(2016PT012 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(21176238 ; Major Research plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(91534107) ; Wanjiang Scholar Program ; Start Fund for Biochemical Engineering Center from Anhui University of Technology, China ; 2017VEA0029) ; 21576266)
WOS IDWOS:000418574800080
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Natl Key Lab Biochem Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Chem Engn, Lahore, Pakistan
3.King Fahad Univ Petr & Minerals, Dept Chem Engn, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
4.Anhui Univ Technol, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Maanshan, Peoples R China
5.Anhui Univ Technol, Biochem Engn Res Ctr, Maanshan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fazal, Tahir,Mushtaq, Azeem,Rehman, Fahad,et al. Bioremediation of textile wastewater and successive biodiesel production using microalgae[J]. RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS,2018,82:3107-3126.
APA Fazal, Tahir.,Mushtaq, Azeem.,Rehman, Fahad.,Khan, Asad Ullah.,Rashid, Naim.,...&Xu, Jian.(2018).Bioremediation of textile wastewater and successive biodiesel production using microalgae.RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS,82,3107-3126.
MLA Fazal, Tahir,et al."Bioremediation of textile wastewater and successive biodiesel production using microalgae".RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS 82(2018):3107-3126.
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