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题名:
Production of biochar from rice husk: Particulate emissions from the combustion of raw pyrolysis volatiles
作者: Dunnigan, Lewis1; Ashman, Peter J.1; Zhang, Xiangping2; Kwong, Chi Wai1
刊名: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
出版日期: 2018-01-20
卷号: 172, 页码:1639-1645
关键词: Rice husk ; Biochar ; Ash ; Particulate emissions ; Pyrolysis ; Raw pyrolysis volatiles
收录类别: SCI
WOS记录号: WOS:000423002200031
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.11.107
文章类型: Article
英文摘要: Increasing energy demands and waste management concerns have motivated agricultural producers to consider the decentralized conversion of agricultural by-products for energy and value-added product (biochar) generation. Due to the variability of fuel properties, direct combustion of agricultural by-products with high ash contents, such as rice husk, may suffer from increased fouling and slagging issues with high particulate matter (PM) emissions. Combustion of the raw pyrolysis volatiles (bio-oil and synthesis gas (syngas) mixtures) produced from pyrolysis with the inherent separation of ash in the biochar may potentially mitigate these issues. In this study, PM emissions from the combustion of the raw pyrolysis volatiles derived from the pyrolysis of rice husk were evaluated at laboratory scale by using a combined pyrolysis and combustion facility. Pyrolysis temperatures ranging from 400 degrees C to 800 degrees C were used to generate raw pyrolysis volatiles with differing bio-oil to syngas ratios which were then combusted at 850 degrees C. It was found that bio-oil dominated the higher heating value of the raw pyrolysis volatiles produced at low pyrolysis temperatures. The combustion of such raw pyrolysis volatiles with high bio-oil content substantially increased the yields of PM10 and PM2.1. Linear dependence was observed between PM emissions and bio-oil fraction in the raw pyrolysis volatiles. Nevertheless, the pyrolysis-combustion process, with >96% of the ash retained in biochar prior to combustion, is more favorable than direct combustion for high ash biomass as far as PM emissions are concerned. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: BIO-OIL PRODUCTION ; AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES ; MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE ; PARTICLE EMISSIONS ; BIOMASS COMBUSTION ; SOOT FORMATION ; FUEL ; SYSTEMS ; PELLETS ; TEMPERATURE
项目资助者: Government of South Australia through the Premier's Research and Industry Fund Catalyst Researth Grants(CGR72)
语种: 英语
ISSN号: 0959-6526
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/23589
Appears in Collections:多相复杂系统国家重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Univ Adelaide, Sch Chem Engn, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Dunnigan, Lewis,Ashman, Peter J.,Zhang, Xiangping,et al. Production of biochar from rice husk: Particulate emissions from the combustion of raw pyrolysis volatiles[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2018,172:1639-1645.
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