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Pivotal role of Ti-O bond lengths on crystalline structure transition of sodium titanates during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt
Peng, Yan1,2,3; Wang, Dong1,2; Wang, Zhi1,2; Gong, Xuzhong1,2; Wang, Mingyong1,2; Qi, Tao1,2; Meng, Fancheng1,2
2018-03-25
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
ISSN0925-8388
Volume738Pages:345-353
AbstractThe crystalline structures transition of TiO2, Na8Ti5O14, Na2TiO3 and Na2Ti3O7 during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt were investigated via cyclic voltammetry (CV), constant voltage electrolysis, theoretical analysis and calculation. Both of the reduction potential of Na8Ti5O14, TiO2, Na2TiO3 and Na2Ti3O7 shown in cyclic voltammogram and the valence of titanium (Ti) of main electrolytic products shown in parallel constant voltage electrolysis (3.1 V) indicate that the electro-deoxidation sequences orderly are Na8Ti5O14, TiO2, Na2TiO3 and Na2Ti3O7 from easy to difficult. In addition, the corresponding Raman spectrums show that the Ti-O bond lengths are expected to decrease as follows: Na8Ti5O14> TiO2> Na2TiO3 > Na2Ti3O7. The average Ti-O bond lengths of Na8Ti5O14, TiO2, Na2TiO3 and Na2Ti3O7 shown in crystal structural are 1.95, 1.92, 1.70 and 1.67 A, respectively. The Ti-O lengths information explain above electro-deoxidation sequences. Furthermore, the dissociation energies of Na8Ti5O14 and TiO2 are 6.824 and 8.638 eV, respectively, which indicates that Na8Ti5O14 is easier to be reduced than TiO2. The theoretical analysis and calculation based on TieO bond lengths are consistent with experiment findings, which reveals that pivotal role of Ti-O bond lengths on crystalline structure transition during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordCrystalline Structure Transition Electrochemical Deoxidation Ti-o Bond Lengths Cyclic Voltammetry Parallel Constant Voltage Electrolysis
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
DOI10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.12.148
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordMOLTEN CALCIUM-CHLORIDE ; LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES ; TITANIUM-DIOXIDE ; SALT SYNTHESIS ; SOLID TIO2 ; RAMAN ; TEMPERATURE ; XPS ; REDUCTION ; POWDERS
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Materials Science ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectChemistry, Physical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(51604255 ; 51422405)
WOS IDWOS:000419214800044
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/24091
Collection湿法冶金清洁生产技术国家工程实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Engn Lab Hydromet Cleaner Prod Technol, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Key Lab Green Proc & Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, Yan,Wang, Dong,Wang, Zhi,et al. Pivotal role of Ti-O bond lengths on crystalline structure transition of sodium titanates during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt[J]. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS,2018,738:345-353.
APA Peng, Yan.,Wang, Dong.,Wang, Zhi.,Gong, Xuzhong.,Wang, Mingyong.,...&Meng, Fancheng.(2018).Pivotal role of Ti-O bond lengths on crystalline structure transition of sodium titanates during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt.JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS,738,345-353.
MLA Peng, Yan,et al."Pivotal role of Ti-O bond lengths on crystalline structure transition of sodium titanates during electrochemical deoxidation in CaCl2-NaCl melt".JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 738(2018):345-353.
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