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Combined treatment of red mud and coal fly ash by a hydro-chemical process
Liu, Chunli1,2; Ma, Shuhua1; Zheng, Shili1; Luo, Yang1; Ding, Jian1; Wang, Xiaohui1; Zhang, Yi1

Red mud (RM) is a solid waste produced in the process of alumina extraction from bauxite and causes serious environmental problem. The recycle of alumina and alkali from RM by hydro-chemical process is believed to be an effective method for the utilization of RM. However, this industrial application has been limited for its difficulty in the solid-liquid separation of leached slurry and the low alumina extraction efficiency. In this paper, a novel process for the combined treatment of RM and coal fly ash (CFA) was proposed, and the effect of the mass ratio of CFA to RM, the Fe2O3 content and A/S (mass ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2) of the CFA on the extraction alumina efficiency and the filtration rate of leached slurry were investigated. When the CFA with A/S of 1.35 was used and the mass ratio CFA to RM was 1:1, the alumina extraction efficiency can be elevated from 72.14% to 91.70%. Especially, the filtration rate of leached slurry increased from 0.308 m(3)/(m(2).h) to 1.264 m(3)/(m(2).h). In addition, by decreasing the Fe2O3 content and increasing the A/S of CFA, the filtration rate of leached slurry could be enhanced obviously and the alumina in the mixture of RM and CFA could be extracted effectively. The results of phases and morphology of the residues showed that the increase of, alumina extraction efficiency is attributed to two chemical processes, one is the complete transformation from Na-8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)(2.04)(H2O)(2.66) to NaCaHSiO4, and the other is the reduction of the generation of Ca-3(Fe0.87Al0.13)(2)(SiO4)(1.65)(OH)(5.4) with the increase of mass ratio CFA to RM. Furthermore, the growing number and length-diameter ratio of the rod-like structure of NaCaHSiO4 particles resulted in the increase in the filtration rate of leached slurry.

KeywordRed Mud Coal Fly Ash Filtration Rate Alumina Extraction
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordExtracting Alumina ; Zinc-oxide ; Recovery ; Calcium ; Al ; Substitution ; Temperature ; System ; Rich
WOS Research AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Funding OrganizationMajor State Basic Research Development Program of China(2013CB632601)
WOS IDWOS:000423644800028
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Key Lab Green Proc & Engn, Natl Engn Lab Hydromet Cleaner Prod Technol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Chunli,Ma, Shuhua,Zheng, Shili,et al. Combined treatment of red mud and coal fly ash by a hydro-chemical process[J]. HYDROMETALLURGY,2018,175:224-231.
APA Liu, Chunli.,Ma, Shuhua.,Zheng, Shili.,Luo, Yang.,Ding, Jian.,...&Zhang, Yi.(2018).Combined treatment of red mud and coal fly ash by a hydro-chemical process.HYDROMETALLURGY,175,224-231.
MLA Liu, Chunli,et al."Combined treatment of red mud and coal fly ash by a hydro-chemical process".HYDROMETALLURGY 175(2018):224-231.
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