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Significance, evolution and recent advances in adsorption technology, materials and processes for desalination, water softening and salt removal
Shahmirzadi, Mohammad Amin Alaei1; Hosseini, Seyed Saeid1; Luo, Jianquan2,3; Ortiz, Inmaculada4
2018-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISSN0301-4797
Volume215Pages:324-344
AbstractDesalination and softening of sea, brackish, and ground water are becoming increasingly important solutions to overcome water shortage challenges. Various technologies have been developed for salt removal from water resources including multi-stage flash, multi-effect distillation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, electrodialysis, as well as adsorption. Recently, removal of solutes by adsorption onto selective adsorbents has shown promising perspectives. Different types of adsorbents such as zeolites, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), activated carbons, graphenes, magnetic adsorbents, and low-cost adsorbents (natural materials, industrial by-products and wastes, bio-sorbents, and biopolymer) have been synthesized and examined for salt removal from aqueous solutions. It is obvious from literature that the existing adsorbents have good potentials for desalination and water softening. Besides, nano-adsorbents have desirable surface area and adsorption capacity, though are not found at economically viable prices and still have challenges in recovery and reuse. On the other hand, natural and modified adsorbents seem to be efficient alternatives for this application compared to other types of adsorbents due to their availability and low cost. Some novel adsorbents are also emerging. Generally, there are a few issues such as low selectivity and adsorption capacity, process efficiency, complexity in preparation or synthesis, and problems associated to recovery and reuse that require considerable improvements in research and process development. Moreover, large-scale applications of sorbents and their practical utility need to be evaluated for possible commercialization and scale up. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordAdsorption Materials Adsorption Processes Nano-adsorbents Desalination Water Softening
SubtypeReview
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.03.040
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordMETAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK ; FIBER MEMBRANE PERMEATORS ; HIGH-SURFACE-AREA ; CARBON NANOTUBES ; BORON REMOVAL ; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION ; HEAVY-METALS ; SALINE WATER ; ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS ; NANOFILTRATION MEMBRANES
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
Funding OrganizationIran Nanotechnology Initiative Council
WOS IDWOS:000430784700033
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/24415
Collection生化工程国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Tehran 14115114, Iran
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Biochem Engn, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Univ Cantabria, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, E-39005 Santander, Spain
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shahmirzadi, Mohammad Amin Alaei,Hosseini, Seyed Saeid,Luo, Jianquan,et al. Significance, evolution and recent advances in adsorption technology, materials and processes for desalination, water softening and salt removal[J]. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,2018,215:324-344.
APA Shahmirzadi, Mohammad Amin Alaei,Hosseini, Seyed Saeid,Luo, Jianquan,&Ortiz, Inmaculada.(2018).Significance, evolution and recent advances in adsorption technology, materials and processes for desalination, water softening and salt removal.JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,215,324-344.
MLA Shahmirzadi, Mohammad Amin Alaei,et al."Significance, evolution and recent advances in adsorption technology, materials and processes for desalination, water softening and salt removal".JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 215(2018):324-344.
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