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Directing filtration to narrow molecular weight distribution of oligodextran in an enzymatic membrane reactor
Su, Ziran1,2; Luo, Jianquan1,2; Pinelo, Manuel3; Wan, Yinhua1,2
2018-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE
ISSN0376-7388
Volume555Pages:268-279
Abstract

Oligodextrans with molecular weight (Mw) within the range of 5.0-8.0 kDa have great commercial potential as precursors of iron-dextran for anemia treatment. Traditional oligodextran production consists of sucrose fermentation, acid hydrolysis and ethanol precipitation, which results in an uneven Mw product, hypersaline wastewater discharge and potential safety hazards. In this work, a novel enzymatic membrane reactor (EMR) system to produce oligodextran is proposed, whereby in-situ product recovery can be manipulated to control the Mw distribution of the resulting products. Results showed that the membrane material played an important role in the permeate flux and transmission of oligodextran. Among the tested membranes, a 20 kDa polyethersulfone (PES) membrane was found to be optimal for building up the EMR, as it successfully controlled the oligodextran Mw within the desired range with a relatively narrow distribution and high productivity. Moreover, high transmembrane pressures (3 bars) and low stirring rates (160 rpm) promoted yields beyond 50% in 120 min. Higher permeate fluxes prevented further product hydrolysis and enhanced the yield. However, the resulting concentration polarization (CP) should be minimized to reduce accumulation of large oligodextran molecules on the membrane surface, which might diffuse through the membrane and thus broaden the Mw distribution of the products in the permeate. Both dextranase and dextran caused membrane irreversible fouling. The fouling caused by the enzymes not only favored the enzyme immobilization itself, but also contributed to narrow the membrane pore size distribution. As a result, a higher uniformity of oligodextran products compared with the pristine EMR was obtained, especially at the beginning of operation with EMR (which was improved by 22%). It was concluded that selecting the suitable membrane type and permeate flux, maximizing the shear rate, and narrowing the membrane pore size distribution were effective strategies to obtain high-quality oligodextran products by EMRs.

KeywordUltrafiltration Oligosaccharide Dextranase Membrane Fouling In-situ Product Separation
DOI10.1016/j.memsci.2018.03.062
Language英语
WOS KeywordPore-size Distribution ; Leuconostoc-mesenteroides ; Ultrafiltration Membranes ; Clinical Dextran ; Threshold Flux ; Immobilization ; Nanofiltration ; Purification ; Hydrolysis ; Behavior
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation of China[21506229] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences[2017069] ; '100 Talents Program' of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Polymer Science
WOS SubjectEngineering, Chemical ; Polymer Science
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; '100 Talents Program' of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000432587300028
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/24799
Collection中国科学院过程工程研究所
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Jianquan; Wan, Yinhua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Biochem Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Chem & Biochem Engn, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Su, Ziran,Luo, Jianquan,Pinelo, Manuel,et al. Directing filtration to narrow molecular weight distribution of oligodextran in an enzymatic membrane reactor[J]. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,2018,555:268-279.
APA Su, Ziran,Luo, Jianquan,Pinelo, Manuel,&Wan, Yinhua.(2018).Directing filtration to narrow molecular weight distribution of oligodextran in an enzymatic membrane reactor.JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE,555,268-279.
MLA Su, Ziran,et al."Directing filtration to narrow molecular weight distribution of oligodextran in an enzymatic membrane reactor".JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE 555(2018):268-279.
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