Selective reduction leaching of vanadium and iron by oxalic acid from spent V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst
Wu, Wenfen1,2; Wang, Chenye1; Bao, Weijun1; Li, Huiquan1,2

Large amounts of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) denitrification catalysts with poor mechanical property are disposed and difficult to be regenerated, resulting in environmental pollution. For spent SCR denitrification catalyst, the ratio of V4+ /V5+ decreased by about 45% and Fe impurity increased > 10 times, which influenced the recycling of the supporter. Selective leaching of V and Fe by oxalic acid and its reaction mechanism were investigated. Under the optimized leaching condition: oxalic acid concentration of 1.0 mol/L, reaction temperature of 90 degrees C, liquid-to-solid ratio of 20 mL/g, < 75 mu m particle size and leaching time of 180 min, the leaching efficiencies of V and Fe reached over 84% and 96%, respectively. The reaction mechanism for the selective leaching of these metals was determined through UV-VIS spectrophotometry and CO2 emission analyses. After dissolution and complexation, VO2+ and Fe3+ were reduced to water-soluble cations VO2+ and Fe3+. When V and Fe was in the specific forms of VOC2O4 and Fe(C2O4)(2)(2-). at 0.33 pH, high leaching efficiency was obtained. It indicated that redox reactions led to the broken of dissolution and complexation equilibriums for VO2+, VO+ and Fe3+. For W and Ti, only dissolution and complexation reactions occurred and the leaching efficiency was limited by the solubility. The leaching residue with anatase TiO2 was recovered as carrier and used for synthesis of a new SCR catalyst.

KeywordSpent Scr Denitrification Catalyst Oxalic Acid Leaching Mechanism
WOS KeywordRay Photoelectron-spectroscopy ; Commercial Scr Catalysts ; Titanium Slag ; Sulfuric-acid ; Recovery ; Regeneration ; Dissolution ; Tio2 ; Oxides ; Precipitation
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[51574214]
WOS Research AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS IDWOS:000441644200007
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Cited Times:25[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLi, Huiquan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Natl Engn Lab Clean Prod Technol Hydromet, Key Lab Green Proc & Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Wenfen,Wang, Chenye,Bao, Weijun,et al. Selective reduction leaching of vanadium and iron by oxalic acid from spent V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst[J]. HYDROMETALLURGY,2018,179:52-59.
APA Wu, Wenfen,Wang, Chenye,Bao, Weijun,&Li, Huiquan.(2018).Selective reduction leaching of vanadium and iron by oxalic acid from spent V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst.HYDROMETALLURGY,179,52-59.
MLA Wu, Wenfen,et al."Selective reduction leaching of vanadium and iron by oxalic acid from spent V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst".HYDROMETALLURGY 179(2018):52-59.
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