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A sustainable process for metal recycling from spent lithium-ion batteries using ammonium chloride
Lv, Weiguang1,2; Wang, Zhonghang1; Cao, Hongbin1; Zheng, Xiaohong1; Jin, Wei3; Zhang, Yi1; Sun, Zhi1
2018-09-01
Source PublicationWASTE MANAGEMENT
ISSN0956-053X
Volume79Pages:545-553
Abstract

In this paper, a sustainable process to recover valuable metals from spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) in sulfuric acid using ammonium chloride as reductant was proposed and studied. Being easily reused, ammonium chloride is found to be efficient and posing minor environmental impacts during the overall process. By investigating the effects of a wide range of parameters, e.g., H2SO4 concentration, NH4Cl concentration, temperature, leaching time, and solid-to-liquid mass ratio, the leaching behaviour of Li, Ni, Co, and Mn was systematically investigated. And the leaching mechanism and kinetics were determined by mineralogically characterization of residues at various reaction times and by fitting using different kinetic models. With this research, it is possible to provide a win-win solution to improve the recycling effectiveness of spent LIBs by using waste salt that is easily reused as the reductant. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KeywordSpent Lithium Ion Batteries Valuable Metals Sulphuric Acid Ammonium Chloride
DOI10.1016/j.wasman.2018.08.027
Language英语
WOS KeywordReducing Agent ; Recovery ; Cobalt ; Acid ; Cathode ; Nickel ; Management ; Carbonate ; Manganese ; Powders
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFB0403300/2017YFB043305] ; Beijing Science and Technology Program[Z171100002217028] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51425405] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[L1624051] ; Key Program of Chinese Academy of Science[KFZD-SW-315]
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; Beijing Science and Technology Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Program of Chinese Academy of Science
WOS IDWOS:000449133500056
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/26624
Collection中国科学院过程工程研究所
Corresponding AuthorSun, Zhi
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Div Environm Technol & Engn, Beijing Engn Res Ctr Proc Pollut Control, 1 Beierjie, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Jiangnan Univ, Sch Chem & Mat Engn, Wuxi 214122, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lv, Weiguang,Wang, Zhonghang,Cao, Hongbin,et al. A sustainable process for metal recycling from spent lithium-ion batteries using ammonium chloride[J]. WASTE MANAGEMENT,2018,79:545-553.
APA Lv, Weiguang.,Wang, Zhonghang.,Cao, Hongbin.,Zheng, Xiaohong.,Jin, Wei.,...&Sun, Zhi.(2018).A sustainable process for metal recycling from spent lithium-ion batteries using ammonium chloride.WASTE MANAGEMENT,79,545-553.
MLA Lv, Weiguang,et al."A sustainable process for metal recycling from spent lithium-ion batteries using ammonium chloride".WASTE MANAGEMENT 79(2018):545-553.
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