CAS OpenIR
Synthesis of Metallic Nanocrystals: From Noble Metals to Base Metals
Bai, Liuyang1,2; Ouyang, Yuge2; Song, Jun1; Xu, Zhi1; Liu, Wenfu3; Hu, Jingyu3; Wang, Yinling3; Yuan, Fangli2
2019-05-01
Source PublicationMATERIALS
ISSN1996-1944
Volume12Issue:9Pages:33
AbstractMetallic nanocrystals exhibit superior properties to their bulk counterparts because of the reduced sizes, diverse morphologies, and controllable exposed crystal facets. Therefore, the fabrication of metal nanocrystals and the adjustment of their properties for different applications have attracted wide attention. One of the typical examples is the fabrication of nanocrystals encased with high-index facets, and research on their magnified catalytic activities and selections. Great accomplishment has been achieved within the field of noble metals such as Pd, Pt, Ag, and Au. However, it remains challenging in the fabrication of base metal nanocrystals such as Ni, Cu, and Co with various structures, shapes, and sizes. In this paper, the synthesis of metal nanocrystals is reviewed. An introduction is briefly given to the metal nanocrystals and the importance of synthesis, and then commonly used synthesis methods for metallic nanocrystals are summarized, followed by specific examples of metal nanocrystals including noble metals, alloys, and base metals. The synthesis of base metal nanocrystals is far from satisfactory compared to the tremendous success achieved in noble metals. Afterwards, we present a discussion on specific synthesis methods suitable for base metals, including seed-mediated growth, ligand control, oriented attachment, chemical etching, and Oswald ripening, based on the comprehensive consideration of thermodynamics, kinetics, and physical restrictions. At the end, conclusions are drawn through the prospect of the future development direction.
Keywordnanocrystals noble metal base metal synthesis method
DOI10.3390/ma12091497
Language英语
WOS KeywordSHAPE-CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS ; POLYHEDRAL GOLD NANOCRYSTALS ; ULTRAFINE NICKEL POWDER ; WET CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS ; GAS SHIFT REACTION ; MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES ; CATALYTIC-ACTIVITY ; NI NANOPARTICLES ; BIMETALLIC ALLOY ; POLYOL SYNTHESIS
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[11875284] ; Henan science and technology development program[192102210029] ; Henan Natural Science Foundation[162300410194]
WOS Research AreaMaterials Science
WOS SubjectMaterials Science, Multidisciplinary
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Henan science and technology development program ; Henan Natural Science Foundation
WOS IDWOS:000469757500138
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/29842
Collection中国科学院过程工程研究所
Corresponding AuthorBai, Liuyang; Wang, Yinling
Affiliation1.Huanghuai Univ, Zhumadian Acad Ind Innovat & Dev, Zhumadian 463000, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, State Key Lab Multiphase Complex Syst, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Huanghuai Univ, Dept Mech & Energy Engn, Zhumadian 463000, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bai, Liuyang,Ouyang, Yuge,Song, Jun,et al. Synthesis of Metallic Nanocrystals: From Noble Metals to Base Metals[J]. MATERIALS,2019,12(9):33.
APA Bai, Liuyang.,Ouyang, Yuge.,Song, Jun.,Xu, Zhi.,Liu, Wenfu.,...&Yuan, Fangli.(2019).Synthesis of Metallic Nanocrystals: From Noble Metals to Base Metals.MATERIALS,12(9),33.
MLA Bai, Liuyang,et al."Synthesis of Metallic Nanocrystals: From Noble Metals to Base Metals".MATERIALS 12.9(2019):33.
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