Advances in Biological Liquid Crystals
Zhao, Jianguo1,2; Gulan, Utku3; Horie, Takafumi4; Ohmura, Naoto4; Han, Jun1; Yang, Chao5; Kong, Jie6; Wang, Steven7; Xu, Ben Bin8
Source PublicationSMALL

Biological liquid crystals, a rich set of soft materials with rod-like structures widely existing in nature, possess typical lyotropic liquid crystalline phase properties both in vitro (e.g., cellulose, peptides, and protein assemblies) and in vivo (e.g., cellular lipid membrane, packed DNA in bacteria, and aligned fibroblasts). Given the ability to undergo phase transition in response to various stimuli, numerous practices are exercised to spatially arrange biological liquid crystals. Here, a fundamental understanding of interactions between rod-shaped biological building blocks and their orientational ordering across multiple length scales is addressed. Discussions are made with regard to the dependence of physical properties of nonmotile objects on the first-order phase transition and the coexistence of multi-phases in passive liquid crystalline systems. This work also focuses on how the applied physical stimuli drives the reorganization of constituent passive particles for a new steady-state alignment. A number of recent progresses in the dynamics behaviors of active liquid crystals are presented, and particular attention is given to those self-propelled animate elements, like the formation of motile topological defects, active turbulence, correlation of orientational ordering, and cellular functions. Finally, future implications and potential applications of the biological liquid crystalline materials are discussed.

KeywordActive Liquid Crystals Biological Soft Matter Phase Transition
WOS KeywordNematic Phase-transition ; Topological Defects ; Temperature-dependence ; Density-fluctuations ; Pattern-formation ; Ordered Phases ; Nucleic-acids ; Dna ; Suspensions ; Dynamics
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[21374089] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11705208] ; Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China[2018JC-008] ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)[EP/N007921/1] ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)[EP/N032861/1]
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Materials Science ; Physics
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Physical ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Physics, Applied ; Physics, Condensed Matter
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
WOS IDWOS:000472199500007
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorKong, Jie; Wang, Steven; Xu, Ben Bin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Haixi Inst, Quanzhou Inst Equipment Mfg, Quanzhou 362200, Fujian, Peoples R China
2.Univ Gottingen, Inst Phys Biophys 3, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany
3.Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Environm Engn, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
4.Kobe Univ, Dept Chem Sci & Engn, Kobe, Hyogo 6578501, Japan
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, CAS Key Lab Green Proc & Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
6.Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Sci, Shaanxi Key Lab Macromol Sci & Technol, Xian 710072, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
7.Newcastle Univ, Sch Engn, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, Tyne & Wear, England
8.Northumbria Univ, Fac Engn & Environm, Mech & Construct Engn, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST, Tyne & Wear, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Jianguo,Gulan, Utku,Horie, Takafumi,et al. Advances in Biological Liquid Crystals[J]. SMALL,2019,15(18):12.
APA Zhao, Jianguo.,Gulan, Utku.,Horie, Takafumi.,Ohmura, Naoto.,Han, Jun.,...&Xu, Ben Bin.(2019).Advances in Biological Liquid Crystals.SMALL,15(18),12.
MLA Zhao, Jianguo,et al."Advances in Biological Liquid Crystals".SMALL 15.18(2019):12.
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