Liu Tongtong1; Wang Kai1; Chen Yongxiu1; Zhao Shuangliang2; Han Yongsheng1
Source Publicationgreenenergyenvironment
AbstractHere we report a strategy to enhance the energy density of supercapacitors by increasing the utilization rate of the specific surface area (SSA) via wettability improvement.The nonporous gold (NPG) film is used as the electrodes and the ionic liquid EMIMBF_4 is the electrolyte.When the electrode is coated by paraffin,an increase of the contact angle leads to a remarkable reduction of the specific capacitance.While when acetonitrile is added into the electrolyte,the contact angle is decreased and the utilization rate of SSA is improved,which results in an increase of the specific capacitance.The addition of isopropyl acetate into the electrolyte leads to a further increase of the specific capacitance.To generalize the role of the wettability in improving the energy density,a carbon-based electrode is evaluated in the solution of potassium hydroxide.An addition of propyl alcohol into the potassium hydroxide solution leads to an increase of the specific capacitance,as well as a long-term stability of the supercapacitor.The role of conductivity in this study is excluded by designing experiments.This paper highlights the significance of wettability in determining the specific capacitance,showing an alternative to improve the energy density of supercapacitors.
Document Type期刊论文
First Author Affilication中国科学院过程工程研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu Tongtong,Wang Kai,Chen Yongxiu,et al. dominantroleofwettabilityinimprovingthespecificcapacitance[J]. greenenergyenvironment,2019,4(2):171.
APA Liu Tongtong,Wang Kai,Chen Yongxiu,Zhao Shuangliang,&Han Yongsheng.(2019).dominantroleofwettabilityinimprovingthespecificcapacitance.greenenergyenvironment,4(2),171.
MLA Liu Tongtong,et al."dominantroleofwettabilityinimprovingthespecificcapacitance".greenenergyenvironment 4.2(2019):171.
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