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Rethinking Chinese supply resilience of critical metals in lithium-ion batteries
Yan, Wenyi1,2; Cao, Hongbin1; Zhang, Yi1; Ning, Pengge1; Song, Qingbin3; Yang, Jianxin4; Sun, Zhi1
2020-05-20
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume256Pages:10
AbstractWith the rapid development of the lithium-ion battery (LIB) industry, the demand for core valuable elements in LIB has increased dramatically. A safe supply of corresponding metals is crucial to ensure the industry's sustainability. However, quantitative evaluation to reveal the supply risk including criticality of LIBs in China is still not available. In this regard, criticality analysis was carried out to identify the importance of a specific metal in the current LIBs supply chain of raw materials. Subsequently, a comprehensive methodology to evaluate supply sustainability is established in this research by considering the combined effects of material supply, economic fluctuations, and technology innovation in the time frame from 2015 to 2030. An integrated index called Chinese supply resilience is introduced, indicating that a low Chinese supply resilience has a high possibility of supply shortage of the corresponding metal while a high resilience level represents minor supply risk. The results show that insufficient material supply has already induced a severe shortage for lithium (Li) and cobalt (Co). Specifically, Chinese supply resilience of lithium moves from the threshold to the low resilience zone, whereas that for cobalt remains in the low area, both implying a high risk of supply shortage. Furthermore, three appropriate mitigation measures, that is, recycling of spent LIBs, substitution of raw materials, and an increase in domestic raw materials production are considered. Recycling demonstrates the most effective solution to alleviate the potential supply risk of corresponding materials. With this research, it may promote management efficiency on end-of-life LIBs for policy makers. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordLithium-ion battery Supply sustainability Mathematical model Scenario analysis Waste management
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120719
Language英语
WOS KeywordRECOVERY ; AVAILABILITY ; BRINES ; IMPACT ; WASTE ; FLOW
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFB0403300/2017YFB0403305] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51934006] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51874269] ; 1000 Talents Program of China
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; 1000 Talents Program of China
WOS IDWOS:000524981300151
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/40077
Collection中国科学院过程工程研究所
Corresponding AuthorSun, Zhi
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing Engn Res Ctr Proc Pollut Control, Inst Proc Engn, Div Environm Technol & Engn, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Macau Univ Sci & Technol, Macau Environm Res Inst, Macau 519020, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan, Wenyi,Cao, Hongbin,Zhang, Yi,et al. Rethinking Chinese supply resilience of critical metals in lithium-ion batteries[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2020,256:10.
APA Yan, Wenyi.,Cao, Hongbin.,Zhang, Yi.,Ning, Pengge.,Song, Qingbin.,...&Sun, Zhi.(2020).Rethinking Chinese supply resilience of critical metals in lithium-ion batteries.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,256,10.
MLA Yan, Wenyi,et al."Rethinking Chinese supply resilience of critical metals in lithium-ion batteries".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 256(2020):10.
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