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Preparation of carbon nanomaterials with controlled size and morphology and their application as catalyst support material for PEMFC
Alternative TitleJ. New Mat.Electrochem. Syst.
Yuan, FL; Sasikumar, G; Ryu, H
2004-10-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF NEW MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS
ISSN1480-2422
Volume7Issue:4Pages:311-315
AbstractCarbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were prepared by thermal CVD process using Ni-MgO catalyst. Mixture of Ni(OH)(2)-Mg(OH)(2) used as the precursor of catalyst was treated by mechanochemical process. CNTs with diameter 25 nm and 15 nm, twisted CNFs with diameter 65 nm and 100 nm, and straight CNFs with 70 nm were synthesized. After purification, they were used as the electrode platinum support for fuel cell application. 20% Pt was loaded on the CNTs and CNFs using H2PtCl6 and NaBH4, and fuel cell electrode performance was evaluated. The fuel cell performance with twisted CNFs was found to be better than that with straight CNFs, and performance of CNTs and CNFs with smaller diameter was better than that of bigger one. Best performance was obtained using twisted CNFs with diameter 65 nm, and a fuel cell voltage of 645 mV was obtained at a current density of 500 mA/cm(2). The better performance of twisted CNFs and CNTs can be attributed to the specific interaction between Pt and CNFs with specific surface conformation, and smaller size which leads to higher conductance.; Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were prepared by thermal CVD process using Ni-MgO catalyst. Mixture of Ni(OH)(2)-Mg(OH)(2) used as the precursor of catalyst was treated by mechanochemical process. CNTs with diameter 25 nm and 15 nm, twisted CNFs with diameter 65 nm and 100 nm, and straight CNFs with 70 nm were synthesized. After purification, they were used as the electrode platinum support for fuel cell application. 20% Pt was loaded on the CNTs and CNFs using H2PtCl6 and NaBH4, and fuel cell electrode performance was evaluated. The fuel cell performance with twisted CNFs was found to be better than that with straight CNFs, and performance of CNTs and CNFs with smaller diameter was better than that of bigger one. Best performance was obtained using twisted CNFs with diameter 65 nm, and a fuel cell voltage of 645 mV was obtained at a current density of 500 mA/cm(2). The better performance of twisted CNFs and CNTs can be attributed to the specific interaction between Pt and CNFs with specific surface conformation, and smaller size which leads to higher conductance.
KeywordCnts Cnfs Catalyst Pemfc
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences ; Technology
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordGRAPHITE NANOFIBERS ; BEHAVIOR ; PARTICLES ; NANOTUBES ; HYDROGEN ; NICKEL ; FIBER ; IRON ; NI
WOS Research AreaElectrochemistry ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectElectrochemistry ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000225632500008
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/4996
Collection研究所(批量导入)
Affiliation1.Korea Res Inst Chem Technol, Adv Mat Div, Yusung Gu, Taejon 305600, South Korea
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Proc Engn, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
3.SPIC Sci Fdn, Energy Res Ctr, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yuan, FL,Sasikumar, G,Ryu, H. Preparation of carbon nanomaterials with controlled size and morphology and their application as catalyst support material for PEMFC[J]. JOURNAL OF NEW MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS,2004,7(4):311-315.
APA Yuan, FL,Sasikumar, G,&Ryu, H.(2004).Preparation of carbon nanomaterials with controlled size and morphology and their application as catalyst support material for PEMFC.JOURNAL OF NEW MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS,7(4),311-315.
MLA Yuan, FL,et al."Preparation of carbon nanomaterials with controlled size and morphology and their application as catalyst support material for PEMFC".JOURNAL OF NEW MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS 7.4(2004):311-315.
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