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REDUCTION KINETICS OF NI(OH)2 TO NICKEL POWDER PREPARATION UNDER HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS
YAMASAKI, N; HUANZHEN, L
1993-08-01
Source PublicationMETALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY
ISSN0360-2141
Volume24Issue:4Pages:557-561
AbstractThe reduction kinetics from Ni(OH)2 to fine Ni metal powder under hydrothermal and H-2 pressure conditions using anthraquinon as an activator were investigated. The reduction ratio increased with temperature up to 225-degrees-C. The H-2 molecule was activated by anthraquinone. This activated hydrogen acts as a reduction reagent from Ni2+ to Ni0. The process may proceed by heterogeneous reaction of Ni2+ ion and solid anthraquinon as follows: (1) anthraquinon is hydrated, (2) Ni2+ ion is absorbed on anthraquinon hydride, and (3) this complex decomposes to Ni0 powder, anthraquinon, and H2O. The particle size of nickel powder obtained increased with increasing temperature and with decreasing pH. The average particle size was about 350 nm. The reduction kinetics were in good agreement with a core model equation with surface reaction, that is, 1 - (1 - x)1/3 = kt, where x is a reaction ratio and t is reaction time. Arrhenius plots showed two slopes with activation energies 65.9 kJ/mol at higher temperature and 377.2 kJ/mol at lower one. This result shows that the hydration of anthraquinon and adsorption of Ni2+ ion onto anthraquinon hydride and decomposition to Ni metal and anthraquinone proceed by consecutive reactions and rate determining steps change in each temperature range.; The reduction kinetics from Ni(OH)2 to fine Ni metal powder under hydrothermal and H-2 pressure conditions using anthraquinon as an activator were investigated. The reduction ratio increased with temperature up to 225-degrees-C. The H-2 molecule was activated by anthraquinone. This activated hydrogen acts as a reduction reagent from Ni2+ to Ni0. The process may proceed by heterogeneous reaction of Ni2+ ion and solid anthraquinon as follows: (1) anthraquinon is hydrated, (2) Ni2+ ion is absorbed on anthraquinon hydride, and (3) this complex decomposes to Ni0 powder, anthraquinon, and H2O. The particle size of nickel powder obtained increased with increasing temperature and with decreasing pH. The average particle size was about 350 nm. The reduction kinetics were in good agreement with a core model equation with surface reaction, that is, 1 - (1 - x)1/3 = kt, where x is a reaction ratio and t is reaction time. Arrhenius plots showed two slopes with activation energies 65.9 kJ/mol at higher temperature and 377.2 kJ/mol at lower one. This result shows that the hydration of anthraquinon and adsorption of Ni2+ ion onto anthraquinon hydride and decomposition to Ni metal and anthraquinone proceed by consecutive reactions and rate determining steps change in each temperature range.
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS IDWOS:A1993LQ72400001
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Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ipe.ac.cn/handle/122111/7985
Collection研究所(批量导入)
AffiliationCHINESE ACAD SCI,INST CHEM MET,BEIJING,PEOPLES R CHINA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
YAMASAKI, N,HUANZHEN, L. REDUCTION KINETICS OF NI(OH)2 TO NICKEL POWDER PREPARATION UNDER HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS[J]. METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY,1993,24(4):557-561.
APA YAMASAKI, N,&HUANZHEN, L.(1993).REDUCTION KINETICS OF NI(OH)2 TO NICKEL POWDER PREPARATION UNDER HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS.METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY,24(4),557-561.
MLA YAMASAKI, N,et al."REDUCTION KINETICS OF NI(OH)2 TO NICKEL POWDER PREPARATION UNDER HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS".METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY 24.4(1993):557-561.
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